为教育而译:发现设计视角

2020-2-3

Discover Design Lenses

发现设计视角

 

译者:彩云小译+詹娜

 

Appearance 外观:

 

Designers think carefully about the appearance and style of their designs. Their choices range from the initial inspiration for the design to its color, size, shape, surface pattern, texture and any operating mechanisms that can be seen.

设计师们仔细考虑他们设计的外观和风格。他们的选择范围从最初的设计灵感到它的颜色、大小、形状、表面图案、纹理以及任何可以看到的操作机制。

 

·How would you describe this pattern?

·你会如何描述这种图案?

 

·Does the shape of this light remind you of something?

·这盏灯的形状是否让你想起了什么?

 

·Why designers might have made certain choices about the formal qualities of their designs?

·设计师为在他们的设计的形式特征上做出了某些选择的原因可能是什么?

 

·How do appearance and style relate to the other Discover Design Lenses?

·外观和风格如何与其它发现设计视角联系起来?

 


 

Materials 材料:

 

A broad range of factors influence the choice of materials. Factors influencing the choice of material include its cost, durability, weight, flexibility, availability, the manufacturing and engineering processes and the sale of production.

影响材料选择的因素有很多。 影响材料选择的因素包括其成本、耐久性、重量、柔韧性、可及性、制造流程、工程流程以及生产销售。

 

·How comfortable do you think this cardboard chair is to sit on?

·你觉得坐在这张纸板椅上舒服吗?

 

·What are the pros and cons of using plastic to make a water bottle?

·用塑料制作装水的瓶子的优缺点是什么?

 

·Can you guess what this seaside café is made from?

·你能猜出这家海边咖啡馆是用什么材料搭建的吗?

 


 

Function 功能:

 

Design is a problem-solving activity for a huge variety of purposes. The intended uses, or functions of a design, are a fundamental part of the design process.

设计是解决各种各样问题的活动。设计的预期用途或功能是设计过程的基本组成部分。

 

·What are the problems the designs set out to address and how effectively is this achieved?

·设计要解决的问题是什么?如何有效地实现这一目标?

 

·What would this torch feel like to hold?

·举着这个火炬会是什么样的感觉?

 

·Where would you use this stile stool?

·你会在哪里使用这个高脚凳?

 

·What problem does the paperclip solve?

·回形针能解决什么问题?

 


 

Process 过程:

 

The process of designing and manufacturing is not always a straight path. Designers develop and refine their ideas through research, drawing, modeling and testing, with lots of problem solving along the way. They also work with their clients and with experts such as engineers and scientists to inform their work.

设计和制造的过程并不总是线性的。设计师通过研究、绘图、建模和测试来形成和完善他们的想法,在这个过程中要解决很多问题。 为了更好地工作,他们还与客户以及工程师和科学家等专家合作。

 

·What materials can help us to personalize and improve the things around us?

·什么材料可以帮助我们个性化和改善我们周围的事物?

 

·How can we make the everyday exciting?

·我们怎样做才能让每一天都精彩?

 

·What would happen if designers didn't develop their ideas like this?

·如果设计师没有形成这样的想法会发生什么呢?

 

·How do manufacturing choices affect the finished products?

·生产选择如何影响最终产品?

 

·What difference does it make if a product is made by hand or by machine?

·一件产品是手工制作还是机器制作有什么区别吗?

 


 

Impact 影响:

 

Good design knows its market and improves life.

好的设计知道它的市场并且能够改善生活质量。

 

·What are the social and environmental effects of producing and consuming design?

·生产设计和消费设计对社会和环境有哪些影响?

 

·How was the designer trying to improve our lives? Did they succeed?

·这位设计师是如何努力改善我们的生活的? 他们成功了吗?

 

·Who is the target market?

·什么人是目标市场?

 

·What effect on the environment might this design have?

·这种设计可能会对环境产生什么影响?

 

·What do you think this unusual looking bike was designed for?

·你认为这辆不寻常模样的自行车是为什么而设计的?

 

·Why would you make a vase out of paper?

·你为什么会用纸来制作花瓶?

 

·How can a laptop change the world?

·一台笔记本电脑如何改变世界?